Updated: 03 September 2022 19:13 STI
Nur-Sultan [Kazakhstan], Sep 03 (ANI): The President of Kazakhstan, Kassym-Jomart Tokaev, presented brilliant ideas for realizing the development path of the new Kazakhstan in terms of socio-economic growth as well as constitutional and political transformations. In realizing this vision, Tokayev called for a people-centered approach.
This comes as Kazakhstan’s President Tokayev delivered an important address to the nation on Thursday, in which he outlined a number of political reforms for the country’s socio-economic development. These measures included recommending a seven-year presidential term limit and announcing early presidential elections this fall.
Thanking Tokayev for his effective leadership, Pravesh Kumar Gupta, senior research associate at the Vivekananda International Foundation, noted that Kazakhstan entered a new era of development this year.
“The new Kazakhstan he envisions is a people-centered approach. The constitutional review was a crucial step in establishing the new Kazakhstan. In a national referendum, the majority of citizens approved the policy of political modernization of the President of Kazakhstan,” he said.
He noted that according to Tokayev’s principles, further political modernization should involve structural economic reforms that can meet the needs of a wider population. In this context, the research associate also recalled the brilliant ideas presented by the President of Kazakhstan Tokayev in his State of the Nation address to the joint session of the Kazakh Parliament in order to realize the path of development of the new Kazakhstan.
Highlighting a few aspects of Tokayev’s speech, Gupta said the address was an indication that Kazakhstan is in good hands and is heading in the right direction to maintain its position as the most stable and prosperous country in Central Asia. .
“Recognizing that Kazakhstan’s economic dependence on raw materials, low worker productivity, lack of innovation and unequal distribution of wealth are some of the significant economic concerns that need to be addressed for future progress , President Tokayev has proposed several substantial initiatives to address these concerns,” he added.
Underlining the message and theme of Tokayev’s address, he said: “Kazakhstan’s geostrategic situation should be exploited wisely and for the benefit of the country’s overall progress. paid.”
The establishment of a container hub at the port of Aktau is an important step that will strengthen Kazakhstan’s position as a reliable transit country between East and West. The plan to transform Temir Zholy, the national company of Kazakhstan, into a full-fledged transport and logistics company is a crucial step in this direction.
Investments in higher education, technical and vocational training and other areas are necessary for public welfare and the development of human resources. Pharmaceuticals and health security are other areas of interest for public investment.
According to President Tokayev, upgrading public administration and increasing the accountability of government institutions are necessary for an equitable social protection system, which is an important step towards transformation.
President Tokayev has advocated for a one-term presidency in the country. He proposed limiting the presidency to a single seven-year term to reduce the possibility of power monopolization. As a result, Kazakhstan’s political reform will be more uniform and transparent.
Praising President Tokayev’s prospects for building a new Kazakhstan on solid foundations, he described the speech as “very encouraging”.
Another crucial decision taken by the president is to make public the entire electoral calendar, which is an unprecedented step for the political practice of Kazakhstan.
The launch of the entire electoral cycle is conditioned by the need for a radical restart of our political system and is fully in line with the logic of the constitutional reform supported by the majority of citizens during the June referendum.
The consecutive holding of presidential elections followed by the election of the deputies of the Mazhilis (the lower house of Parliament) and the maslikhats (local representative bodies) will make it possible to concentrate on the solution of urgent and strategic tasks on the socio-economic development of the country. In other words, the accumulated pace of modernization of the country will not be disturbed.
Growing geostrategic tensions and turmoil in the global economy are an important factor in favor of holding early elections. The unpredictability of the dynamics of global processes multiplies the risks and challenges not only for individual states, but for entire regions.
Another central initiative in yesterday’s speech was the Head of State’s proposal to limit the presidential term to a single term of seven years without the right to re-election. This proposal is a well-considered decision which, if approved by Parliament, will determine the future of Kazakhstan’s political system.
In this case, the election of a person to the presidency for a single term of seven years is a political innovation, which has no precedent in the near and distant environment of Kazakhstan. The norm of a single presidency mainly aims at the long-term stabilization of the political system, the elimination of the risks of monopolization of power and the strengthening of the basic principles of democracy, according to Astana Times.
The initiative for a single presidential term is a logical continuation of the measures already taken to finally move away from the super-presidential model. These include the political impartiality of the head of state, the banning of his relatives from holding positions in government agencies and public enterprises, and the redistribution of certain presidential powers in favor of other institutions of power.
The introduction of a single presidential term thus closes the process of institutionalizing a presidential republic with an optimal balance of power. (ANI)