The advantages of building in wood: ecological, reusable and light | Article

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Other advantages of wood

Wood is much lighter than concrete

Another advantage of wood as a construction material is that it is much lighter than concrete. The wood weighs only about a fifth of the weight of the same volume of concrete and does not need to be dried as part of the production process like concrete. This makes it cheaper and easier to transport and allows lighter foundations to be used. Because wood is lighter, existing buildings can also be expanded more easily by one or more stories, which can increase the floor space and yield of an existing building.

Ideal for industrial construction processes and low initial investments

To limit staff shortages and rising construction costs, there is increasing emphasis on industrializing the construction process. By this we mean the replacement of manual labor by machines and robots. Wood is easy to transform in an industrial process (see industrialization in construction) because it is lighter. This means that large precast elements are easier to transport, can be processed with greater precision and are easier to connect.

Easier reuse

Wood can serve as a structure in a building for more than 100 years. After that, reuse (circular or not) is quite possible. In particular, large wooden elements can be reused. After several reuses, it can also be transformed into other wood applications (eg particleboard). Finally, it can be burned as biomass. Unfortunately, the stored CO2 will then be released after many years.

A more pleasant indoor climate that is less susceptible to earthquakes

Wood ensures a more pleasant indoor climate because it regulates humidity and heat, creating a comfortable and stable indoor climate. The acoustics are also often better in a wooden building, as there is less reverberation. Additionally, wood can be used to build structures that are more resistant to earthquakes because it can absorb shock better than bricks and concrete.

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